Saturday, September 27, 2008

Some chuck credit cards to avoid late fees

Here's one way to dodge credit card debt and late fees: Don't carry any plastic.

"People look at me like I'm an anomaly. But guess what? It's a whole lot easier when you're not juggling debt," said Paige LeFevre, a 41-year-old Atlanta resident.

The idea of living without credit cards is being given more consideration at a time when Americans hold more than $850 billion in credit card debt, four times as much as in 1990. Of course there are significant benefits that come with credit cards -- convenience being just one of many -- so be sure to weigh them carefully before rushing to close your accounts.

A key concern is the role credit cards play in building your credit and maintaining a credit history. Remember that building good credit is important if you're in the market for a mortgage or other type of loan. Prospective landlords or employers often run credit checks, too. So holding on to your credit cards may be in your best interest.

Credit cards also offer certain consumer protections; for instance, issuers will often refund charges for faulty products. Cards are also necessary to rent a car, and, if managed properly, can reap financial perks through rewards programs.

LeFevre says her vow of plastic abstinence came after she ran up $40,000 in debt while remodeling her home two years ago. But as a homeowner with a steady job for six years, LeFevre wasn't overly concerned about her credit score. She says she hasn't checked
her credit score in recent years, but figures it's better when she's not buried in debt.

"It's just too easy to use," said LeFevre, who works for a retirement investment advising company. She has paid off her debt with a number of drastic measures, including trading in her a car for a cheaper model, getting a roommate and selling many of her belongings. She also axed her cable package, manicures and eating out. She keeps her spending in check by taking out $200 in cash every week for groceries and gas.

For LeFevre and others, keeping plastic around simply leaves the door open for temptation. The reasons for credit card debt no doubt vary, however, and in many cases is the result of financial hardship.

According to the Consumer Federation of America, a nonprofit advocacy group, 58 percent of people with credit cards don't pay their balance in full every month. Those that carry a debt have an average balance of $17,103, according to the group.

It's no wonder Americans are easing up on credit card use. Last month, Mastercard Inc. and Visa Inc. reported credit card spending was growing at its most anemic pace ever.

So how can you cut back? One option is to simply leave your plastic at home for a few months at a time. A credit card only needs to be used about once every six months or so for the credit line on the account to count toward your FICO score, said Barry Paperno, a spokesman for Fair Isaac Corp., the company that created the FICO credit score.

Making small charges on your card once every few months may improve your score more than frequently running up big charges, said Paperno. That's because your credit utilization -- the percentage of your credit line that's in use -- makes up 30 percent of your score. So the smaller your outstanding balance in relation to your credit line, the better.

For the same reason, closing your credit cards could lower your score if you have outstanding debt. If you're still determined to rid yourself of plastic, try to whittle down your balance before doing so. Cancel one card at a time, and wait a few months in between each cancellation to lessen the impact on your score.

For New York City resident Kira Limer, 25, not using credit cards makes it easier to stick to her guiding financial principle: Don't spend money you don't have. It also makes it easier to keep a running tally in her head of how much she's got in the bank. She relies on a debit card for day-to-day expenses. "I just like to know for sure I'm not spending beyond my means," said Limer, a resource librarian at an architecture firm.

7 comments:

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